Buddy Sullivan - Coastal Georgia Historian/Lecturer, Researcher, Consultant
Selected Excerpts from Buddy Sullivan's Writings
 
From Ecology as History in Coastal Georgia (2010)
...It is no exaggeration to say that (Thomas) Spalding, the consummate scientific farmer, was also a philosopher. "He had a pattern for living, and the fundamental elements in that pattern were permanence and unity, his great common denominators were localism, regionalism, state rights," notes his biographer, E. Merton Coulter. Spalding's philosophy, not unlike that of the ancient Greeks, was embodied in his understanding, and the encouragement of his fellow planters to partake of that understanding, of the profitability consonant with their environment--that is to say, the benefits to be realized from their sub-tropical weather, coastal soils, tides, river hydrology, what grew and what didn't...
 
From Tabby: A Historical Perspective of an Antebellum Building
               Material in McIntosh County, Georgia (1998)
...North of the sugar mill and curing house at the Thicket are the tabby ruins of Georgia's first rum distillery, the main part of the structure being seventy-four feet in length and nearly thirty feet wide at one end, with walls at the base two feet thick. Both in the vicinity of the boiling house and the rum distillery are scattered remains of porous dark brown bricks commonly used around Savannah in the nineteenth century. It is also known that T.P. Pease, owner of the Thicket property from ca. 1840 until his death in 1878 gave away or sold large amounts of brick to the freedmen who were building homes and other structures at the nearby Carnigan (a corruption of Carnochan) community...
 
From Cotton Port on the Altamaha: A Historical and Archaeological
              Perspective of the Darien, Georgia Waterfront
...Archaeological investigations conducted on the site of Lots 1 and 2 (of the Darien waterfront) suggest that a considerable amount of domestic activity occurred in this section during the 1820-1860 period of Darien's statuis as an antebellum cotton and naval stores entrepot. Artifacts recovered in these areas indicate that this activity involved businesses such as saloons, taverns or restaurants. Due to the loss of most pre-Civil War tax and land records in the McIntosh County courthouse fires of 1863 and 1873, it is almost impossible to ascertain with exactitude the nature of some of the businesses on Lots 1 and 2 from ca. 1840 until the 1863 fire occasioned by the Union mulitary raid on Darien.
 
From Georgia: A State History, 1733-2000
...Conversely, the industrial growth of Georgia in the 1880s was the precursor to the urbanization of the state's larger cities, specifically Atlanta, Macon, Augusta, Savannah and Columbus, all of which grew tremendously in the last decades of the nineteenth century. These population changes had a far-reaching impact in Georgia upon social and labor conditions, race relations and civil rights. The responses and results were usually far from encouraging, particularly in regard to racial issues...
 
From "All Under Bank": Roswell King, Jr. and Plantation
              Management in Antebellum Georgia
...It is ironic that, upon his unhappy departure from the Butler estates, the senior King was allowed to select his son, Roswell, Jr., to succeed him as resident plantation manager for Major Butler, despite some reservations by Butler regarding the son's capability to assume such responsibility. Malcolm Bell points out that while "young Roswell King inherited much of his father's ingenuity and intelligence...in attending to plantation matters," he did not have the "physical stamina and innovative venturesome spirit of his parent..."
 
From High Water on the Bar: An Operational Perspective of a
              Tidewater Timber Port, 1874-1930
...Darien has an intriguing legacy of economic highs and lows, boom times of commercial prosperity before and after the Civil War, with severe financial depressions woven in between. Agriculture made the town prosperous, after which the devastation of war brought the town to its knees. The lumber mills and shipping interests of the timber era made Darien prominent once again, a shining example of journalist Henry W. Grady's vision of a resurgent industrial South. Actually, Darien was prospering with industry and energy long before Grady advanced the concept of a "New South"...Darien's subsequent misfortune, however, was its inability to adapt quickly enough to the changes in technology, transportation and finance, and the new strategies of marketing that emerged nationally at the start of the twentieth century...
 
From From Beautiful Zion to Red Bird Creek: A History of
              Bryan County, Georgia
...It will be instructive to begin this story with a few basic elements regarding the geography of Bryan County, both in the county's landscape...and how the people of the county have fit into the fabric of that landscape.. By an standard, Bryan County, from upper to lower sections, is an area of great natural beauty...The one clearly edifying factor which transcends all parts of the county is the enormous presence of the dark, tannic, endlessly-flowing waters of the Great Ogeechee River and, to a somewhat lesser extent, its smaller tributary, the Canoochee, which cuts the county in two with its flow toward a rendezvous with its larger cousin. The history of Bryan County cannot be adequately told without also telling of the role played by these two rivers...
 
From The Darien Journal of John Girardeau Legare, Ricegrower
...Legare, like everyone else, was swept up in the euphoria of the local economic high for a considerable time, but he realized sooner than most that the bubble must burst, that the boom must inevitably turn bust. As early as 1910 Legare writes tellingly, "...Now the question is, what are they going to do about it? And, could such a thing [economic decline] have occurred anywhere else than in poor old, dead Darien?" Delaying the inevitability of Darien's demise was the town's brief flirtation with the railroad. In early 1895 the Darien & Western Railroad finally completed the laying of track to Darien, giving the town its long-awaited first rail link with the outside world...
 
From Early Days on the Georgia Tidewater
...To properly tell the story of McIntosh County it is necessary to emphasize the enduring maritime legacy of the county..to tell of the timber rafts coming down the Altamaha from the Georgia upcountry...scores of three-and-four-masted timber ships and square-riggers crowding the local sounds, of fast-sailing pilot boats with their great spreads of canvas plying the inshore and nearshore waterways, of hard-working steam towboats shuttling drifts of timber from Darien's mills to the waiting  ships in the sounds, of shrimp trawlers, from the primitive gasoline-fired boats of the 1920s and 30s to the big diesel double-outrigger ocean-going boats of a later era, of the ubiquitous bateaux, oyster sloops and other workboats, and of the inland waterway steamboats at the turn of the twentieth century, most notably the popular Hessie and its daily runs from Brunswick to Darien.
 
From Old Tabby: The Ashantilly Legacy of Thomas Spalding
              & William G. Haynes, Jr.
...Both Spalding and Haynes have left permanent legacies and it is especially fitting that their common bond was Ashantilly--it both transcended and ineluctably linked their natural affinity and affection for the landscapes and waterscapes of McIntosh County. As a fourth generation McIntosh Countian whose love for the natural beauty of the county coincides perfectly with a similar appreciation for the endless tapestries of its unique history, it is easy for me to share those feelings. I am sure I speak also for so many others whose lives have been touched, and are being touched, by Ashantilly. [From the Foreword]
 
 
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